Reconstructing cell phenotypic transition dynamics from single cell data

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Meeting ID: 994 0039 2432
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Friday, April 8, 2022 - 15:30 to 16:30

Thackeray Hall 704

Speaker Information
Jianhua Xing
University of Pittsburgh

Abstract or Additional Information

Recent advances in single-cell techniques catalyze an emerging field of studying how cells convert from one phenotype to another, i.e., cell phenotypic transitions (CPTs). Two grand technical challenges, however, impede further development of the field. Fixed cell-based approaches can provide snapshots of high-dimensional expression profiles but have fundamental limits on revealing temporal information, and fluorescence-based live cell imaging approaches provide temporal information but are technically challenging for multiplex long- term imaging.

My lab is tackling these grand challenges from two directions, with the ultimate goal of integrating the two directions to reconstruct the spatial-temporal dynamics of CPTs. In one direction, we developed a live-cell imaging platform that tracks cellular status change in a composite multi-dimensional cell feature space that include cell morphological and texture features readily through fluorescent and transmission light imaging. We applied the framework to study human A549 cells undergoing TGF-β induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)^{1,2}. In another direction, we aim at reconstructing single cell dynamics and governing equations from single cell genomics data^3. We developed a procedure of learning the analytical form of the vector field F(x) and the equation dx/dt = F(x) in the Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space. Further differential geometry analysis on the vector field reveals rich information on gene regulations and dynamics of various CPT processes.

Research Area