Moment Methods for Advection on Networks

We develop low-dimensional moment methods for advective problems on networks of domains. The evolution of a density function is described by a linear advection-diffusion-reaction equation on each domain, combined via advective flux coupling across domains in the network graph. The PDEs’ coefficients vary in time and across domains but they are fixed along each domain. As a result, the solution on each domain is frequently close to a Gaussian that moves, decays, and widens. For that reason, this work studies moment methods that track only three degrees of freedom per domain—in contrast to traditional PDE discretization methods that tend to require many more variables per domain. A simple ODE-based moment method is developed, as well as an asymptotic-preserving scheme. We apply the methodology to an application that models the life cycle of forest pests that undergo different life stages and developmental pathways. The model is calibrated for the spotted lanternfly, an invasive species present in the Eastern USA. We showcase that the moment method, despite its significant low-dimensionality, can successfully reproduce the prediction of the pest’s establishment potential, compared to much higher-dimensional computational approaches.

Tuesday, April 2, 2024 - 11:00 to 12:00

Thackeray Hall 427

Speaker Information
Research Assistant Professor
Temple University

Research Area