Abstract or Additional Information
This is a joint work with Anna Dall'Acqua, Adrian Spener and Reiner Schätzle.
We study the Willmore flow of tori that have a revolution symmetry - so-called tori of revolution. Luckily, the Willmore flow preserves this symmetry. Because of that we can look at the flow as an evolution of the "profile curves" - a reduction of the dimension!
We will examine the geometry of this curve evolution and understand why it is somewhat natural to look at those curves in hyperbolic geometry. We prove:
If the hyperbolic length of the profile curves remains bounded, then the Willmore flow converges.
The remaining question: How can the hyperbolic length of those curves be controlled? We use variational methods to control the hyperbolic length by the Willmore energy - but this control is only available below an energy level of 8π. We obtain:
If we start the Willmore flow with a torus of revolution of Willmore energy below 8π, then the flow converges.
If time allows: The threshold of 8π is also sharp and plays an important role in the context of the Willmore functional. It is also the same threshold that was already found by E. Kuwert and R. Schätzle for the Willmore flow of spheres.